Pacman 4 has just been pushed into core after being in the testing repo for a while, this new version of pacman comes with a lot of new features and improvements over the older version, mainly:
well-integrated and powerful signed packages and databases support in pacman, the library, and scripts (FS#5331)
many code cleanup commits across library/binaries/scripts
add new -S --recursive operation to upgrade a full dep chain
allow -U operation even without sync databases (FS#26899)
handle PGP signatures with a .sign extension
Among many others, these improvements can prove to be a deciding factor in some users switching to Arch from other Linux distros, specially those who are paranoid about security.
Please note that if you are upgrading from the older pacman versions you would need to use a new tool called pacman-key to set up your keyring, like so:
Dont forget to either login as root or use sudo so you can execute this command. In my case, I had to do and extra step to get the package signing to work, as the Arch Linux news update suggested, package signing was in fact NOT disabled for me, so after I upgraded and did a pacman -Syu the output came out like this:
Import PGP key 4FA415FA, "Jan Alexander Steffens (heftig) ", created 2011-08-25? [Y/n] y
(31/31) checking package integrity error: coreutils: key "F99FFE0FEAE999BD" is unknown
Import PGP key EAE999BD, "Allan McRae ", created 2011-06-03? [Y/n] y
error: fontforge: signature from "Gaetan Bisson " is unknown trust error:
libreoffice-draw: signature from "Andreas Radke "
failed to commit transaction (invalid or corrupted package (PGP signature))
Errors occurred, no packages were upgraded.
So I was unable to update the system because pacman didn't trust any developers, so I turned to Allan McRae blog and found out a way to trust the developers by using the provided Master Keys:
for key in FFF979E7 CDFD6BB0 4C7EA887 6AC6A4C2 824B18E8; do pacman-key --recv-keys $key pacman-key --lsign-key $key printf 'trustn3nquitn' | gpg --homedir /etc/pacman.d/gnupg/ --no-permission-warning --command-fd 0 --edit-key $key done
That will effectively add those keys to the keyring and validate the downloaded packages succesfully, please note that this keys are being given "marginal" trust by default, as the PGP web of trust is set up such that if a key is signed by three keys of marginal trust, then that key will be trusted. In case you want to do this procedure manually and add every developer and Trusted user instead of just the Master Keys, you will need to use the pacman-key tool, get the PGP keys from the devs and trusted users and add them to the keyring, if you want more details, you can go to the pacman-key wiki page, linked on this same paragraph.
What do you think of the new pacman? do you like it? hate it? please leave a comment with your opinion!